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◎Typical Product Feature of Rigid Float (RF) tonearm.                                          

"(1) Absolutely no mechanical contact at arm pivot bearing mechanism, resulting in highest sensitivity and maximum amount of howling margin (Which promises to reproduce rich but much tight base sound with no distortion, no muddiness, the most clear sound and wider dynamic range).
(2) There are similar type of bearing pivot, dipped in oil bath (Oil damp Type), available in the market, but still they require some string or another apparatus to fix fulcrum for arm rotary motion but RF, thanks to automatic positioning mechanism, requires absolutely nothing to interfere with the force, for cartridge stylus to follow the inward path of record groove.
(3) There might arise some lateral mechanical instability of arm with this type of bearing, but RF, equipped with the most appropriate balancing mechanism, assures the stability of the focus. This is the reason to be put the name of ""Rigid Float"".
(4) Pure Straight Structure (i.e. no offset angle) minimizes side force resulting the best channel separation, sound stage and sound atmosphere with highest transient rise time and no distortion even when tracing on the most internal part of vinyl record disc.(Detai follows below.)
(5) Beautifully anodized aluminum pipe is outfitted with the “resonance ring”, 3 pieces of synthetic ring rubber for damping. You may enjoy different sound in position of these rings in your choice.
(6) User friendly universal type head shell connector and for tone arm installation onto plinth, no drilling hole is required but just put it onto the plinth board.
(7) World uniquely shaped standard head shell “Nelson Hold” tightly supports the cartridge magnetic circuit, which is the most important part of a cartridge and at the center of which, stylus is located, on the other hand the conventional head shells hold the outsides of a cartridge body with 2 screws. “Rigid Float” with “Nelson Hold” removes haze and distortion from the sound completely.
(8) Inner wiring : Remarkable pure silver wire(4N) with silk jacket.
(9) Qualified RCA connectors with isolated ""earth"" terminal with possibility for balanced transmission line."  

◎ Stylus tracking force adjustment                       
(1) Prepare separately available "Stylus cartridge tracking force meter" for tracking force adjustment.

◎ Side Force Superiority in Rigid Float tone arm                        
"(1) Rigid Float (RF) with straight arm shape does not set any ""Overhang"" amount, but only reverse direction ""Underhang"", unlike many other conventional tone arm with offset angled “S” or “J” shaped products.
(2) Conventional tone arms with proper overhang, create typical point where tangential line of cartridge stylus is in parallel with record groove line but still partial inside force towards tone arm pivot occurs somehow (Force in dotted line to arm pivot), resulting eventually still in inside force. (Fig-1 in ""RF Technical Description (B)"" )

(3) As (Fig-2 in ""RF Technical Description (B)"" ), straight tone arm would assure customers that absolute no inside force occurs at some certain point (Null position in straight arm) on record groove area by appropriate underhang adjustment. 



(4) Fig-3 in ""RF Technical Description (B)""  illustrates how inside force would occur in offset angle type tone arm system.



Followings are representing figures:
     (θ) : Head Shell offset angle, 
     (α) : Tracking error angle,
     (μ) : Friction coefficient between record groove and stylus, 
     (W) : Stylus Tracking (Force) weight, 
     (μw・tan(α+θ)) : Inside force
     (μw・cos (α+θ)) : Pulling force towards arm pivot

(5) In Fig-3 at ""RF Technical Description (B)"", tangential line of cartridge stylus is in parallel with record groove line (α=0), under which occasion, stylus pressure to side wall of record groove is theoretically 90 degrees, being no tracking angle error.
(6) However there is still pulling force, arising from cartridge stylus to tone arm pivot in oblique with amount of  “μw・cos(θ)” and simultaneously, inside force amount of “μw・tan(θ)”, which means cartridge stylus is still pulled towards center of record disc spindle direction.
(7) Normally, as offset angle value of (θ) is around 25°, tan(θ) becomes 0.47, resulting in almost half value of total friction force is given to left channel record groove, reacting to cantilever base stem. even tracking angle error is zero point. ""
(8) On the other hand, in straight tone arm (Offset angle θ=0), inside force is only “μwtan(α)” at any tracking erroneous angle area. if we set 10° as tracking error angle, tan(α=10°) is only 0.18 which is much smaller as inside force value than ones of  “S”, or “J” shaped tone arm with offset angle.
(9) In general, as (μ) varies a lot in accordance with music cut signal on record groove,  difference of inside force amount between “μw・tan(α+θ)” (Offset angled tone arm) and “μW tan(α)” (Straight arm) shows quite a few and, as it directly causes modulated sound distortion (As inadequate inside force causes to vibrate irregularly cantilever base stem where cartridge armature is located), reproduction sound of straight tone arm has much superior predominance against others.
(10) There is an Anti-Skate Device (Inside Force Canceller), available for offset angled tone arm which normally reduces certain constant value of inside force itself but is not in effect to reduce “Range of inside force deviation”, which means no way to solve this problem.
(11) In (Fig.2), null position of tracking error is set (By attached RF tone arm template, packed in product box for arm installment on turn table plinth surface) at just before the end of most inner record groove area where distortion gets the highest.
(12) Now, from stability point of view, tone arms, presumably a kind of bridge, sustained by cartridge stylus and pivot, the length between these 2 points is shorter the better but the thing is tracking error angle becomes vitally large when arm length is shortened.
(13) In straight tone arm, however, as offset angle (θ) is zero, shorter tone arm is now becomes available even by 7” length model which is almost impossible in “S” or “J” shaped tone arm, keeping much high motive stability and lower modulating distortion, developed by ViV Laboratory researcher and owner of Mr.Koichiro Akimoto. "     

The stylus cartridge body (magnetic circuit) should stand still for accurate transformation of vibration into voltage.
The factors that shake the cartridge body are side force, tonearm resonance and vibration from base via pivot or from air.
Among them all, side force is the biggest factor on conventional tonearm with offset angle (about 25deg) and overhang.
The most significant is that side force varies in proportion to the fliction of the stylus tip and the groove.
This means you can't cancell the side force anyhow, even using anti-skating, mechanism.
Variation of side force leads directly to distortion, channel separation, forcus and so on.



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